Alcohol is created by fermenting yeast, sugars and starches. It is known as ethyl alcohol or ethanol, and is the ingredient in beer, wine and liquor that causes intoxication. Alcohol works as an central nervous system depressant. When alcohol is consumed it is rapidly absorbed from the stomach and small intestine into the blood stream. The standard alcoholic drink contains 0.6 ounces of pure ethanol to 12 ounces of beer; 8 ounces of malt liquor; 5 ounces of wine; or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits or liquor.
When alcohol is consumed it affects every organ in the individuals body. Pregnant women who consume alcohol, there can be damage to developing fetus by alcohol. When an individual in intoxicated they may experience impaired brain function and motor skills. Regular heavy drinking can increase the risk of certain cancers, stroke, and liver disease.
Alcohol abuse is a pattern of drinking that can harm the individuals health, personal relationships, employment and other aspects of their lives, as well as potentially leading to alcoholism. Prolonged use of alcohol can result in alcoholism or alcohol dependency, which is diagnosed as a disease characterized by the craving to drink alcohol despite the negative effects it has on themselves and those around them.
Statistics and Trends
* Data in brackets indicate statistically significant change from the previous year. Previous MTF Data
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